AMSOIL Synthetic Grease Helps Customer Achieve Punkin Chunkin World Record
lubricants are manufactured for many applications, but customers continue finding new ways to benefit from AMSOIL
Steve Seigars of Greenfield, N.H. certainly fits into that category. Seigars leads the Yankee Siege II team in the
annual Punkin Chunkin competition in Bridgeville, Del. The original Yankee Siege "punkin chunker" was retired a couple
of years ago. "It's a silly sport," Seigars said, "but it's a lot of fun and raises money for scholarships, children's
hospitals and other organizations that benefit youth and the local community." His team consists of a core group of
five to six members.
AMSOIL Synthetic Grease Ends Friction Problem
Polymeric Off-Road Grease solved an ongoing friction problem in Seigars' trebuchet. "I finally found a grease that
prevented scuffing on my sleeve bearings," said Seigars. "We have the world record for throwing a pumpkin with a
trebuchet. Last year we tossed a pumpkin 2,836 feet."
Seigars found AMSOIL after taking a tribology course that taught him the importance of using synthetic grease to
overcome scuffing of bearings.
The trebuchet is a gravity-driven machine. It raises a 25,000-pound counterweight 5 feet in the air as it rotates on
a lever with a sling and pouch. Bearings inside the sleeve of the round shaft inside a pipe allow the rotation. When
the trigger is pulled, the weight drops and the sling comes to a screeching halt at the end of the bearings. That
sudden stop applies about 150,000 pounds of pressure, which pounds the grease out and causes metal-to-metal friction.
"You have to have good lubrication at all points so there is not metal-to-metal wear," Seigars said. He had been seeing
scuffing of the bearings in his machine after about 10 to 15 cycles, which meant the bearings were wearing quickly.
Seigars learned in the tribology course that he needed a synthetic grease with 5 percent moly additive in order to
stop the bearing wear. Research online led him to AMSOIL Synthetic Polymeric Off-Road Grease. "The combination was the answer to
premature wear," Seigars said.
The World Championship Punkin Chunkin Association (WCPCA) is a trademark nonprofit that hosts a signature
pumpkin-launching event each year, fueling innovative engineering and science-based ideas that draw spectators from all
over. About 105 teams enter the three-day event, typically held the weekend after Halloween.
According to the association's website, "Punkin Chunkin cultivates the odd, challenging and competitive quest for
distance that inspires creativity, ingenuity, teamwork and passion."
Pumpkins can be launched using compressed air devices, such as cannons; catapults that use ropes and pulleys; and
centrifugal-force machines that use a spinning arm to let the pumpkins fly.
Each team gets one shot per day. The longest shot at the end of the event is the winner. Winners earn a trophy and a
donation to the charity of their choice. Seigars and the Yankee Siege II team won the trebuchet division last year with
their record-setting 2,836-foot launch. The team chose the A.L.S. Family Charitable Foundation in Buzzards Bay, Mass.
to receive a donation from the WCPCA.
AMSOIL Synthetic CVT Fluid
CVTs require a unique transmission fluid with specialized frictional characteristics designed to ensure the belt or
chain remains in contact with the pulleys without slipping. AMSOIL Synthetic CVT Fluid provides outstanding
metal-to-metal frictional properties and excellent protection and performance for CVTs throughout vehicle
manufacturer-recommended drain intervals.
Package sizes include:
- Quart Bottle
- 2.5-Gallon Bottle
- 55-Gallon Drum
Continuously variable transmissions (CVTs) create unlimited gear ratios using a belt or chain running between two
variable diameter pulleys. CVTs require a unique transmission fluid with specialized frictional characteristics
designed to ensure the belt or chain remains in contact with the pulleys without slipping. AMSOIL Synthetic CVT Fluid
provides outstanding metal-to-metal frictional properties and excellent protection and performance for CVTs throughout
vehicle manufacturer-recommended drain intervals. It is Warranty Secure and will not void your vehicle's warranty.
AMSOIL Synthetic CVT Fluid is a cost-effective, high-performance alternative to original equipment manufacturer (OEM)
Excellent Frictional Properties
The metal-to-metal frictional properties between the CVT's belt/chain interface and the pulleys are important,
relying on the CVT fluid to prevent slipping. AMSOIL Synthetic CVT Fluid provides exceptional metal-to-metal frictional
properties to help prevent belt and chain slipping and help extend transmission life.
Outstanding Wear Protection
AMSOIL Synthetic CVT Fluid is durable. In normal and severe service, it effectively resists wear to the
transmission's vital parts, helping achieve long life.
In elevated heat, Synthetic CVT Fluid's thermally stable formulation guards against the harmful effects of thermal
breakdown. It resists the formation of varnish that can threaten transmission performance and life.
Superior Wet-Clutch Performance
AMSOIL Synthetic CVT Fluid provides superior wet-clutch performance for outstanding anti-shudder durability and
reduced noise, vibration and harshness.
Field testing was conducted to compare AMSOIL Synthetic CVT Fluid and Nissan NS-2 CVT Fluid. Four vehicles (two
equipped with AMSOIL CVT Fluid and two with Nissan NS-2 CVT Fluid) were driven 100,000 miles before the transmissions
were torn down and inspected.
AMSOIL lab testing also reveals AMSOIL CVT Fluid met, and in some cases surpassed, the protection and performance
of Nissan NS-2 CVT Fluid:
- In FZG wear testing (ASTM D5182), Nissan NS-2 achieved a 7 stage pass, while AMSOIL CVT Fluid significantly
surpassed it with an 11 stage pass.
- In the JASO LVFA Anti-Shudder Durability Test, AMSOIL CVT Fluid lasted six times longer, translating into improved
anti-shudder durability and reduced noise, vibration and harshness.
AMSOIL Synthetic CVT Fluid is recommended for belt- and chain-type continuously variable transmissions requiring
- Audi/Volkswagen TL 52180, G 052 180
- Dodge/Jeep CVTF+4®, NS-2
- Ford CVT23, CVT30, MERCON® C
- GM/Saturn DEX-CVT
- Honda HMMF, HCF-2
- Hyundai Genuine CVTF, SP-III
- Kia SP-III
- Mercedes-Benz 236.20
- Mini Cooper EZL 799
- Mitsubishi CVTF-J1, SP-III
- Nissan NS-2
- Subaru Lineartronic® CVTF (P/N K0425Y0710), NS-2
- Suzuki TC, CVT Green 1, NS-2
- Toyota TC
Not for use in eCVTs
For more information or to purchase AMSOIL Synthetic
Erik Buell Racing Continues to Shake up the Industry
After 30 years, Erik Buell's drive to develop motorcycles on his own terms remains as strong as ever. That drive led
him to found Erik Buell Racing (EBR) in 2009, a company devoted to building innovative superbikes that prove
jawdropping performance is not exclusive to Japanese or Italian companies. Buell's pioneering attitude and commitment
to American ingenuity mirror the values of AMSOIL INC. Fittingly, the two companies entered a partnership in 2011, making AMSOIL a
sponsor of the EBR team's efforts in the AMA Pro SuperBike Series. This year the team will also compete in World
Superbike, the first time an all-American brand will compete on this world-class level.
But the partnership goes further than sponsorships. AMSOIL personnel work hand-in-hand with EBR engineers to develop
lubrication programs that maximize the tremendous potential of EBR motorcycles. Every bike that leaves EBR's East Troy,
Wis. shop, including the new EBR 1190RX, contains AMSOIL synthetic lubricants as the factory-fill and the primary
"We are doing the very best for our customers when we ship with AMSOIL in the bikes and with a strong
recommendation that they continue to use AMSOIL
- Erik Buell
With peak motorcycle season starting soon and the racing season in swing, AMSOIL Magazine caught up with
AMSOIL Magazine: It's been five years since you founded EBR. What are you most proud of?
Buell: The people. We started as a tiny company, and it has been so inspiring to
see how the young staff at EBR has stepped up to the task of building world-class motorcycles. And it's just as
wonderful to have great suppliers and partners like AMSOIL who, without hesitation, put it all on the line to support
AMSOIL Magazine: What do you still want to accomplish?
Buell: Oh, there is so much more to do. We are busy with all sorts of new
products, both for the EBR brand and also for customers of our engineering-consulting business. I just want more of the
world to see and enjoy the many exciting two-wheeled products that can come from the minds at EBR.
AMSOIL Magazine: One of those exciting new products is the 1190RX, named by Ultimate
Motorcycling as its most anticipated motorcycle of 2014. How does it continue your tradition of innovation?
Buell: There are a lot of unique technical innovations in the bike. Our biggest
goals are always related not to any one invention or concept, but putting together a package of ideas where the sum is
more than any one part. There are many chassis innovations, like the unique brake [the "inside out" system Buell
pioneered that places the rotor outside the caliper for increased suspension effectiveness], magnesium subframe, split
radiators, fuel in frame, etc., but the sum total is a lightweight, superb-handling motorcycle.
AMSOIL Magazine: How else does the bike break new ground?
Buell: In another area, since this has been our first time building our own
engine, it was important to us to make a real statement of innovation. There is a package of technology in the
powertrain aimed at making it a very "green" superbike. The results are a highhorsepower engine that also has a wide
and flat powerband, with huge torque, yet is very smooth and easy to ride at part throttle, gets 51 mpg on the EPA
drive cycle, emits only 25 percent of permitted HC+NOx exhaust emissions and, incredibly, only 6 percent of CO
emissions. These are spectacular numbers.
AMSOIL Magazine: This bike delivers 185 hp and nearly 102 ft. lbs. of torque while weighing
just 419 lbs. What do those numbers translate into on the road?
Buell: For us, again, it is a whole package. So big power, big torque and light
weight make for speed, but we wanted the 1190RX to also be very easy to ride every day. So we made sure it had a very
predictable power delivery, excellent ergonomics, stable handling, great dashboard, powerful brakes and lightweight
wheels for the smoothest ride on bumpy roads. It is so fun to ride, no matter where you are riding.
AMSOIL Magazine: Why did you choose AMSOIL synthetic lubricants as the factory-fill lubricant for your bikes,
including the 1190RX?
Buell: We have had such good results with AMSOIL, both in the quality of the
products and in technical expertise. Because of that, we feel most comfortable that we are doing the very best for our
customers when we ship with AMSOIL in the bikes and with a strong recommendation that they continue to use AMSOIL
AMSOIL Magazine: On the track, Larry Pegram, formerly of Team AMSOIL, joins Geoff May, Aaron
Yates and Cory West this season. What influenced your decision to expand the team?
Buell: The factory EBR Hero/AMSOIL-backed team was headed overseas to run the
World Superbike (WSBK) Series, which left a gap in the AMA [SuperBike Series]. Larry had been talking with me for a
couple years, and called to say he wanted to switch to our EBR 1190 for 2014. It was a perfect opportunity. Larry is a
great rider, and quite a personality as well (an Ohio farm boy with a cool TV show on Velocity called Superbike
Family), and he has a very professional crew. His lead sponsor, Foremost Insurance, fits well as another partner
– a hardworking, all-American, Midwestern company out of Michigan. AMSOIL has worked with Larry before, and he
was happy to be back working with their technical group.
AMSOIL Magazine: Why did you choose this year to broaden the scope of the team and compete
Buell: The team in WSBK runs an exhausting series, with races ranging from
Australia to Europe to Russia to South Africa to Malaysia and even to the U.S. EBR and our sponsors, AMSOIL and Hero,
are global companies, and since we finally had the 1190RX ready, with production sufficient for WSBK homologation, we
decided it was time to move to that next level to maximize worldwide exposure. (Editor's note: AMA and WSBK
homologation rules require a minimum quantity of produced units to guard against specialized bikes built only for
AMSOIL Magazine: What are your thoughts on EBR introducing the first all-American bike to
Buell: We are really happy to have EBR competing in this premier international
road-race series. There have been a number of American riders who have raced in World Superbike, but until now, never
an American motorcycle.
Harmful Motor Oils Prompt Investigations and Consumer Warnings
A rash of obsolete and contaminated motor oils have recently been popping up for sale at gas stations and
convenience stores around the country, prompting state regulators and the Petroleum Quality Institute of America (PQIA)
to investigate, warn consumers and sometimes pull products from shelves. Due to stringent quality control measures,
AMSOIL Dealers and customers enjoy the peace-of-mind of knowing they receive top-quality AMSOIL products with every
"Kane in Your Corner" Reveals Bad Motor Oils in New Jersey
News 12 in New Jersey recently broadcast a three-part "Kane in Your Corner" investigation that found obsolete and
contaminated motor oils for sale at gas stations and convenience stores across the state. Because state authorities
have not yet stepped in, the onus is on consumers to avoid these harmful products.
"The probability of getting some of this bad stuff is pretty high here in New Jersey," says PQIA President Tom
As part of the investigation, News 12 purchased four motor oil brands (MaxiGuard, Black Knight, U.S. Economy and US
Spirit) readily available in New Jersey and had them tested at an independent lab. The results indicated that all four
were unsuitable for use in modern vehicles.
MaxiGuard Super Premium
While the MaxiGuard label indicated it's "a superior all weather motor oil," it also indicated it's an API SA motor
oil, meaning it contains no additives and is unsuitable for vehicles manufactured after 1930. In addition to carrying a
long-obsolete specification, lab tests indicated it did not meet the viscosity standards on the label and had
significant levels of abrasive contaminants, including silicon levels more than 400 times higher than normal.
As part of the investigative piece, longtime New Jersey mechanic Kenny Wetzel noted that the MaxiGuard oil looked
used right out of the bottle due to its black, cloudy appearance. "That looks like what we take out of a car when we
change the oil," he said.
Black Knight Motor Oil was labeled as an API SB motor oil, meaning it contains only a minimal level of additives and
is unsuitable for vehicles manufactured after 1951. Lab tests also indicated it was contaminated with significantly
higher-than-normal levels of silicon. Its viscosity presented a mystery. Labeled "10-30," its viscosity tested
significantly lower than 10W-30.
U.S. Economy Motor Oil did not carry an API specification, but test results showed it had silicon levels 10 times
higher than typically found in new motor oil. Like Black Knight, its label also indicated a viscosity grade without a
"W." Labeled "5-30," the label explained it means the viscosity can be anywhere between 5 and 30.
Not only did test results indicate US Spirit is unsafe for modern vehicles, the small print on the back label
indicated it is "not suitable for use in most gasoline-powered automotive engines built after 1930" and "use in modern
engines may cause unsatisfactory engine performance or equipment harm." Labeled as an API SA motor oil and indicating
"it contains no additive," lab tests revealed it is full of additives, but not the right kind for today's vehicles.
North Carolina and Michigan Authorities Remove Harmful Oils from Store Shelves
State authorities in Michigan and North Carolina have taken action to remove harmful motor oils from store
The North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (NCDA&CS) has launched several investigations
into harmful and obsolete motor oils, the latest coming against the Everclear brand. Everclear motor oils failed to
meet viscosity claims and were not labeled in accordance with industry standards. The action extended to Everclear
brand transmission fluids.
"The results for both the oil and automatic transmission fluid showed that additives were either absent or not at
the correct levels," said NCDA&CS Standards Division Director Stephen Benjamin. "This issue, along with the
presence of wear metals, indicates these products are likely recycled in origin. Any of these results would put the
products out of specification and cause them to be pulled from shelves."
Last fall, the Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development removed a number of motor oils from store
shelves, including City Star and Bullseye, due to their failures to meet the viscosity grades labeled on the
API Reveals Nearly 20 Percent of Bulk Oils Fail Performance Standards
The problems aren't just limited to smaller oil distributors. Bulk motor oil testing performed by the American
Petroleum Institute (API) indicates many motorists may be receiving substandard motor oil when they drop their vehicles
off for an oil change. According to the API, it purchased and tested more than 1,000 samples from bulk motor oil tanks
throughout North America over the past five years, and nearly 20 percent failed API performance standards.
PQIA Issues Advisory for Valvoline NextGen 5W-20 Motor Oil
In January, PQIA issued an advisory for Valvoline NextGen 5W-20 Motor Oil. After twice testing a sample of the oil
acquired at a retail store in New Jersey, PQIA determined it did not meet volatility requirements set by the API and
the International Lubricants Standardization and Approval Committee (ILSAC). While the sample passed viscosity and
elemental requirements for the API SN and ILSAC GF-5 specifications, its weight losses of 18.4 and 18.3 percent in the
NOACK Volatility Test (ASTM D5800) are about 22 percent higher than the 15 percent maximum required for the
Customers buying AMSOIL Synthetic Motor Oils can be sure that AMSOIL performs
beyond the specifications required by the industry. AMSOIL quality control samples all base oils before accepting them
from the manufacturer. Then AMSOIL samples after blending and then again after bottling. You can be sure AMSOIL
products are the best quality, always.
Zinc Dialkyldithiphosphate Provides Proven Wear Protection
But its incompatibility with pollution-reduction devices severely limits its use in modern motor oils.
As today's automotive engines push the envelope seeking higher fuel economy and lower emissions, the demands placed
on motor oil are escalating. This push for improved performance is nothing new. Racers and muscle-car owners have long
looked for ways to squeeze more horsepower from their vehicles. This is often done in vintage cars by modifying the
engine, while tuner enthusiasts usually focus on computercontrolled performance improvements. Whatever your preferred
method, it puts more stress on engine components, and the oil must protect parts from wear even as they are pushed
beyond the limits of OEM design. This is where the most recognized anti-wear additive, zinc dialkyldithiophosphate
(ZDDP), comes into the picture.
ZDDP is very good at reducing wear and improving oxidation stability. It also exhibits mild extreme-pressure (EP)
protection. ZDDP contains both zinc and phosphorus components that work together to provide anti-wear protection and
minimize lubricant breakdown. Specifically, ZDDP helps protect highimpact surfaces like camshaft lobes, lifter surfaces
and rockers against wear. As temperatures rise and surfaces come closer together, ZDDP decomposes and the resulting
chemistry is what protects the critical metal surfaces. When parts move during operation, any sliding or rolling motion
takes place on top of or within the ZDDP anti-wear film, which reduces metal-to-metal contact. This is especially
important in modified engines with flat-tappet camshafts because the engine is creating more horsepower than it was
designed for, which puts more stress on the engine. The camshaft and lifters are responsible for triggering the
precisely tuned movements of the valvetrain. Without the protective film barrier provided by ZDDP, the cams and lifters
will wear from the force of operation, resulting in poor performance. All engines benefit from oils with superior film
strength and antiwear properties, so why don't all motor oils have boosted levels of ZDDP? It's back to the goal of
improving emissions systems performance. Generally, ZDDP used in high levels results in volatile phosphorus being
transferred from the combustion chamber to the catalytic converter. Like with lead in 1970s gasoline, phosphorus can
blind over the catalytic reaction sites in the converter, making it less efficient in turning carbon monoxide (CO) into
carbon dioxide (CO2). The EPA mandates that catalytic converters operate as designed for more than 100,000 miles. As a
result, ZDDP levels are now limited for newer motor oil specifications. The largest portion of the volatile phosphorus
is generated right after you change your oil. So the more you change your oil, the more your catalytic converter is
exposed to this volatile phosphorus. Conversely, longer drain intervals can limit the negative impact of volatile
phosphorus on catalytic converters.
Both engine technology and oil technology have evolved over the years. Today's performance engines have very
different oil requirements compared to older engine designs from the 1960s and 1970s. Many new engines use roller cams,
which aren't as sensitive to ZDDP anti-wear protection as older flat-tappet camshafts and solid lifters. Older engines
equipped with flat-tappet cams require higher levels of anti-wear/mild EP (ZDDP) than today's engines. This area in an
engine is exposed to extreme contact load. Since this load increases significantly when non-stock, high-pressure valve
springs are used, the use of properly formulated motor oils is extremely important to reduce wear and extend
flat-tappet and camshaft life, especially during the critical break-in period. Since the amount of zinc and phosphorus
in oils formulated for today's automobiles has been greatly reduced and newer API oils are not designed specifically
for older-style, modified engines, engine wear can be a major issue.
AMSOIL manufactures a complete line of motor oils tailored to meet the specific needs of classic cars and other
vehicles requiring higher anti-wear/mild EP protection. AMSOIL Z-ROD® 10W-30 Synthetic Motor Oil (ZRT) & AMSOIL Z-Rod® 20W-50 Synthetic Motot Oil (ZRF) are designed
with the level of anti-wear/mild EP required to safely protect older and modified engine designs such as those with
flat-tappet camshafts. It is also designed specifically to resist rust and corrosion that attacks engines during
periods of inactivity and storage. AMSOIL DOMINATOR® Synthetic Motor Oil (RD20, RD30, RD50,
RD60) is formulated similarly, but more for true racing applications. This makes it the right choice for muscle
cars, street rods and other high-performance vehicles with flat-tappet camshafts. AMSOIL Break-In Oil (BRK) is designed to work quickly in new and rebuilt high-performance and
racing engines. This SAE 30 viscosity grade oil features a no-friction-modifier formula that helps induce controlled
wear in rings to help mate and seat piston rings. It also has very high levels of ZDDP.
Whether you're a classic-car enthusiast, hot rodder, tuner or drifter, your equipment may require the protection
provided by these products. Knowledge is power; but we want you to experience maximum power from your engine also!
Understanding European & German Car Motor Oil Specifications or Requirements
What does "SAPS" stand for and what is the significance for German and European auto warranty requirements? If you own one of these higher performing autos you might find this very interesting.
In this modern era of increasing differentiation it is important to understand why AMSOIL carries three different European oils. And why are two of them 5W-40? What's the difference?
The European Automobile Manufacturers' Association (ACEA) helps establish motor oil standards in the European market. ACEA recognizes that European engines differ from U.S. engines in both design and operating conditions. As a result, the demands on motor oil are different as well.
The differentiator between various makes and models of European cars has to do with the acceptable levels of sulfated ash, phosphorus and sulfur (SAPS) in the motor oil.
Sulfated ash is the by-product of metallic compounds as they are burned. It can improve an oil's antioxidancy, anti-wear properties, Total Base Number (TBN), corrosion resistance, engine cleanliness properties and soot-handling ability.
Phosphorus is present in motor oil for its antioxidant properties.
Sulfur provides antioxidancy, anti-wear and engine cleanliness properties.
SAPS makes up a significant portion of a motor oil's additive content. Some emissions systems and aftertreatment devices, such as diesel particulate filters (DPFs) and catalysts, are sensitive to the SAPS content of oil and require lower-SAPS formulations to properly function for a long period of time.
So, how does an owner know which oil to use in their car? Check your owner's manual and use the chart below to match the correct oil with the proper specification your auto manufacturer listed in the owner's manual.
Maximum Hydraulic System Protection
Certain hydraulic systems, including those installed in log splitters, skid steers and small tractors, are often
operated seasonally or intermittently, then stored for extended periods. Although checking and changing hydraulic oil
is sometimes an afterthought, fluid maintenance is important to ensure optimum protection and performance and maximum
AMSOIL synthetic hydraulic oils can provide significant benefits and cost savings
over conventional hydraulic oils.
The synthetic construction of AMSOIL synthetic hydraulic oils can reduce heat in hydraulic systems, leading to
better viscosity retention; less varnish build-up, oxidation and component wear (including hoses); longer seal life;
and better overall system performance.
Mobile hydraulic equipment often sits in the elements while on a job site, causing many conventional hydraulic oils
to thicken in the cold and lead to equipment damage such as excessive pump wear due to cavitation, blown hoses, broken
shafts and extended warm-up times that waste fuel. AMSOIL synthetic hydraulic oils are formulated for better
coldtemperature characteristics than petroleum oils, helping reduce or eliminate many of these issues.
To eliminate some of the problems associated with temperature changes, many mobile hydraulic equipment owners switch
oil viscosities with the seasons. AMSOIL synthetic hydraulic oils are high-viscosity-index formulations that can
eliminate the need for seasonal changes. It's possible to run an AMSOIL ISO 32 or ISO 46 hydraulic oil successfully
year-round in all but the most extreme cold conditions.
Hose Life Preservation
Cold and heat wreak havoc on hydraulic system hoses and seals. Cold, thick fluid can cause pressure spikes and
extremely hot fluid breaks down hoses and seals over time, leading to leaks and wasted hydraulic fluid. The superior
cooling and flow properties of AMSOIL synthetic hydraulic oils help preserve hose integrity.
AMSOIL Synthetic Anti-Wear Hydraulic Oil effectively inhibits oxidation to help prevent acid formation and viscosity
increase, resist carbon and varnish deposits and inhibit rust and foam (providing smooth hydraulic operation). It
contains an effective zinc-based antiwear/ antioxidant additive that controls wear in high-speed, high-pressure vane
and gear pumps while meeting the lubrication requirements of axial piston pumps with bronze-on-steel metallurgy.
- Maximum cold-temperature performance
- Formulated for long life
- Superior anti-wear protection
- Contains rust, oxidation and foam inhibitors
- Hydrolytically stable and readily separates from water
- Available in ISO 22, 32, 46 and 68 viscosity grades
AMSOIL Synthetic Multi-Viscosity Hydraulic Oil's blend of high-viscosityindex base oils and performance additives
provides all-season protection and reliable operation at a lower cost. Its proven wear resistance and varnish-control
deliver maximum hydraulic system performance and life, and it is additionally tailored to promote energy efficiency and
- Provides all-season performance at a lower cost
- Reduces maintenance costs
- Resists varnish, viscosity loss and chemical breakdown
- Increases system performance and responsiveness
- Helps reduce energy costs
- Available in ISO 22, 32, 46 and 68 viscosity grades
AMSOIL Biodegradable Hydraulic Oil (BHO) is a premium-performance, ISO 46 hydraulic oil that exhibits high
biodegradability and low aquatic toxicity, along with superior oxidative stability, excellent low-temperature
performance and outstanding results in laboratory and extended-duration pump testing. It contains antioxidants that
prolong oil life and foam inhibitors that help promote problem-free operation.
AMSOIL Signature Series Synthetic Motor Oil Outperforms Competition in New Study
Nine synthetic motor oils were compared to AMSOIL Signature Series 5W-30 Synthetic Motor Oil (ASL). When it was all
said and done, Signature Series demonstrated the best overall performance and cost-effectiveness.
Since AMSOIL introduced the first synthetic motor oil to meet American Petroleum Institute (API) service
requirements in 1972, many other synthetic motor oil brands have been introduced. Today, synthetics are widely viewed
as superior to conventional motor oils, and demand continues growing, but how do other brands compare to AMSOIL?
A Study of SAE 5W-30 Synthetic Motor Oils
Signature Series 5W-30 Synthetic Motor Oil and nine
other synthetic oils were subjected to five industry tests conducted according to American Society of Testing and
Materials (ASTM) methodology. The overall annual cost of each oil was also compared. The study included synthetic motor
oils exclusively for a number of reasons. First, most motorists now understand that synthetics provide increased
performance benefits compared to conventional oils, so convincing consumers of synthetics' superiority is less of an
issue. Second, while conventional motor oil sales remain flat, demand for synthetics continues to increase. Third,
testing only synthetics facilitates an apples to apples comparison.
Testing examined several important areas of motor oil performance, including resistance to deposit formation, wear
protection, high-temperature stability, resistance to acid formation and cold temperature performance.
Four-Ball Wear Test results indicate significant differences in relative wear protection between oils. The top
four performers limited wear scars to under 0.40 mm. AMSOIL Signature Series Synthetic Motor Oil demonstrated the best
wear protection in the Four-Ball Wear Test.
AMSOIL Signature Series Synthetic Motor Oil tested two numbers higher than the nearest competitor.
Each oil was subjected to the following ASTM test methodologies:
- Thermo-Oxidation Engine Oil Simulation Test (TEOST, ASTM D 6335)
- NOACK Volatility Test (ASTM D 5800)
- Four-Ball Wear Test (ASTM D 4172 Mod.)
- Total Base Number (ASTM D 2896)
- Cold Cranking Viscosity (ASTM D 5293)
Test results published in A Study of SAE 5W-30 Synthetic Motor Oils describe and represent properties of oils that
were acquired from November 2012 to December 2012. Results do not apply to any subsequent reformulations of such oils
or to new oils introduced after completion of testing. All oils were available to consumers at the time of purchase. An
independent, third-party lab conducted all tests. Formulations were coded to reduce the potential for bias, and samples
were tested in random order. An appropriate number of trials of each oil were run to produce results at the 95 percent
confidence level when compared to Signature Series Synthetic Motor Oil. The 95 percent confidence level only applies
when comparing AMSOIL Signature Series Synthetic Motor Oil to the other 5W-30 oils. The 95 percent confidence level
does not apply when comparing the other oils to one another.
The following nine oils were selected for the study:
- Castrol Edge® with Titanium Fluid Strength Technology®
- Lucas Synthetic
- Mobil 1™ Extended Performance
- Pennzoil Ultra™
- Petro-Canada SUPREME Synthetic™
- Quaker State Ultimate Durability™
- Red Line High Performance Motor Oil
- Royal Purple High Performance Motor Oil
- Valvoline SynPower® Full Synthetic Motor Oil
All oils are 5W-30 viscosity and recommended for applications requiring API SN/ILSAC GF-5 specifications.
AMSOIL Signature Series Synthetic Motor Oil displayed
the best results in the Four-Ball Wear, Total Base Number and Cold Crank Viscosity Tests. Results in the NOACK and
TEOST Tests were also impressive, proving Signature Series Synthetic Motor Oil's excellent high-temperature
performance. Other oils performed well in some tests, but not as well in others, illustrating the challenge inherent in
formulating a high-quality motor oil that performs well in tests designed to assess optimum engine protection and life.
In addition to delivering outstanding performance, Signature Series Synthetic Motor Oil provides maximum
cost-effectiveness - even at retail pricing. Because they buy at wholesale, Dealers and Preferred Customers receive
even more value. In the end, no other oil demonstrated itself capable of providing the overall performance in these
tests and cost effectiveness of Signature Series.
Although synthetic motor oils are known to provide increased low temperature performance compared to conventional
oils, results suggest performance differences between formulations. AMSOIL Signature Series Synthetic Motor Oil
demonstrated the lowest cold crank viscosity (3,727 cP).
Results demonstrate a range of performance differences. Only Castrol Edge with Titanium Fluid Strength Technology
and AMSOIL Signature Series Synthetic Motor Oil limited total deposit weight to 5 mg or less.
AMSOIL 5W-30 Signature Series Synthetic Motor Oil
AMSOIL Synthetic Motorcycle Oil Demonstrates Outstanding Protection in Extreme Heat
Protection against extreme heat is of the utmost importance in motorcycle applications. The air-cooled V-twin engines
used in Harley-Davidson motorcycles can get extremely hot, particularly when idling or traveling at low speeds.
If a motorcycle oil cannot withstand hot operating temperatures, its ability to provide adequate engine protection
is compromised. AMSOIL Synthetic Motorcycle Oil is formulated to withstand extreme heat
conditions beyond the hottest temperatures motorcycles typically experience, providing peace of mind that motorcycles
receive outstanding protection and performance no matter how extreme the operating conditions.
To demonstrate its extreme-heat protection qualities, AMSOIL 20W-50 Synthetic Motorcycle Oil (MCV) was subjected to a
dynamometer test designed to simulate conditions even more extreme than the demanding stop-andgo driving conditions of
a motorcycle rally or parade route.
A 2012 Harley-Davidson FXDB Dyna Street Bob motorcycle equipped with AMSOIL 20W-50 Synthetic Motorcycle Oil was
operated for 68.5 minutes at low speeds, with significant idle time broken by engine revving. Like most Harley-
Davidson motorcycles, the Dyna Street Bob features an air-cooled V-twin engine, which relies on cooling fins arrayed
along the cylinder walls to conduct heat away. To create the most-severe operating conditions possible, the electronic
temperature controls, which safeguard the motorcycle when temperatures reach dangerous levels, were deactivated. The
test subjected the oil and engine components to intense heat not normally experienced in the real world, with cylinder
temperatures reaching more than 500°F.
The extreme temperatures were no match for AMSOIL Synthetic Motorcycle Oil. After nearly 70 minutes of torturous
testing and heat exposure, oil analysis revealed no change in oil viscosity and only minor levels of oxidation, TBN
depletion and wear.
Not only did AMSOIL Synthetic Motorcycle Oil prevent the engine from overheating and seizing, it did so without
losing chemical integrity or ability to protect vulnerable engine components, demonstrating that it provides
outstanding protection even in compromising and severe high-temperature riding and idling conditions not experienced by
As temperatures climbed to more than 500°F in the cylinders, an infrared camera revealed the redhot conditions
that assaulted the engine components and oil.
As heat breaks oil down, the viscosity typically rises until it is significantly out of grade and must
be changed. AMSOIL 20W-50 Synthetic Motorcycle Oil showed no change in viscosity following the extreme-temperature
test, demonstrating its outstanding resistance to thermal breakdown and its ability to provide excellent protection in
the most severe conditions.
AMSOIL 20W-50 Synthetic Motorcycle Oil demonstrated outstanding oxidation resistance, allowing it to
control deposits and keep motorcycle engines clean and operating at peak efficiency.
AMSOIL 20W-50 Synthetic Motorcycle Oil successfully maintained its Total Base Number (TBN), allowing it
to effectively combat corrosive acids.
AMSOIL 20W-50 Synthetic Motorcycle Oil demonstrated outstanding wear protection throughout the
extreme-temperature test, with oil analysis results showing only trace levels of wear metals.
AMSOIL 20W-50 Synthetic Motorcycle Oil information
After 1.6 Million Miles 18 Wheeler Shows No Signs of Quitting
After 1.6 million miles on the original drivetrain and 1.1 million on the factory-rebuilt engine, Jerry Pruett and
his AMSOIL-lubed Kenworth show no signs of retiring.
When AMSOIL Dealer Jerry Pruett of Woodhull, Ill. purchased his new 1999 Kenworth over-the-road truck in December
1998, he thought it might run forever if he installed AMSOIL synthetic lubricants. Now with more than 1.6 million miles
on the drivetrain and over 1.1 million on the factory-rebuilt engine, "forever" still remains in sight.
The mileage is even more impressive considering how little work the truck has required. The Detroit Diesel
Reliabilt® engine still has virtually all of its original components, including the turbo
and fuel injectors. The truck accumulates 2,300-3,000 miles a week hauling loads averaging 27,000-35,000 pounds, with
some up to 80,000.
The reliability of the drivetrain is also notable. Though the clutch has been replaced a couple times, the
transmission hasn't been touched. "I've done nothing to the transmission. All the gears in it are at 1.6 million
miles," said Pruett. The differential gears are also original to the truck.
Pruett runs SAE 60 Super Heavy Weight Synthetic Racing Oil (AHR) in the transmission.
He uses Severe Gear® SAE 190 Synthetic Gear Lube (SRN) in
the differentials, although AMSOIL primarily recommends 75W-90 Long Life Synthetic Gear Lube (FGR) in over-the-road
applications. "A little bit thicker oil couldn't hurt with the high miles," said Pruett.
AMSOIL Helps Increase Life of Defective Engine
The truck was originally equipped with a Detroit Diesel engine that, unknown to Pruett, contained a manufacturing
defect known to cause catastrophic failure early in the engine's service life. Pruett initially installed Shell Rotella
during the break-in period. "I wanted the rings to seat prior to switching to AMSOIL," he said. At about 140,000 miles,
he installed Series 3000 Synthetic Heavy Duty Diesel Oil (HDD).
With 506,000 miles on the engine, the number three piston failed. "In talking with the mechanics, I found out there
was a defect on these engines, and some blew around 300,000 to 375,000 miles," said Pruett. "In one instance, a rod
came through the engine and punctured the computer. I felt my engine lasted as long as it did because of AMSOIL." When
the mechanics removed the cylinder heads, the original hone marks were still visible on the cylinder walls. "The
mechanic said the engine was not wearing out; the oil was doing a great job. Had it not been for the piston failure, it
could have run forever."
Detroit Diesel Reliabilt® Engine
Despite the engine warranty having expired 6,000 miles earlier, Pruett presented his case to Detroit Diesel. "I felt
Detroit Diesel was taking advantage of me. Other guys using any old oil were receiving warranty coverage because their
engines failed sooner. I told them I was using the best oil in the world and, because of that, the engine lasted
longer," said Pruett. "To have that engine last past the warranty was a surprise to them, I think." Detroit Diesel
agreed to provide Pruett a factory-overhauled engine at cost, in addition to $4,500 for installation.
The factory-rebuilt engine has since powered the truck for 1.1 million miles, requiring virtually no repairs. "I
haven't even pulled the cylinder head off this thing," Pruett said. "I didn't replace the water pump until accumulating
over 900,000 miles. Usually a water pump lasts 350,000 miles on a good day." As with the previous engine, Pruett
installed Shell Rotella during the break-in period prior to switching to Series 3000 Synthetic Heavy Duty Diesel
The lone repair required was replacement of the camshaft at about 100,000 miles, barely out of the break-in period
when still using Shell Rotella. Pruett believes the camshaft was original to the engine and not replaced when the
engine was factory re-built by Detroit Diesel.
With close to 800,000 miles on the engine, Pruett switched to higher-viscosity 15W-40 Synthetic Heavy Duty Diesel and Marine Oil (AME) to
guard against excess oil consumption common as engines age.
During a routine 31-point inspection completed when Pruett had a faulty sensor replaced, the mechanic remarked how
nice the turbo looked. "They thought it had only been in for a couple months," said Pruett. "It was 12 years old."
Pruett credits the Donaldson Endurance™ Heavy-Duty Air Filter for the
turbo's longevity. "I was sold on the air filter from day one," he said. "Throttle response was quicker, it boosted the
horsepower a little bit and turbo noise decreased."
100,000-mile Oil Changes
Pruett also uses the AMSOIL DUAL GARD® By-Pass Oil Filtration System fitted with two EaBP110 By-Pass Oil Filters. Regular oil analysis continually indicated the oil was suitable for continued use,
allowing Pruett to establish an oil change interval of once per year, or about every 100,000 miles, based on historical
data. The EaBP110 By-Pass Oil Filters are changed twice a year, or about every 50,000 miles. Practicing extended drain
intervals saves a considerable amount of money each year compared to using conventional oil and standard drain
intervals. "Some guys are spending up to $1,200 a year on oil changes when they could be spending half that with
AMSOIL," said Pruett. "They're throwing their money away."
Excellent Fuel Economy
Additional savings are realized each time Pruett fills his diesel tanks. "The truck really kind of scares me; it
runs so good. I'm still getting about 7 mpg," said Pruett. During a run from Indianapolis, Ind. to St. Louis, Mo., the
truck achieved 9.7 mpg. "The truck is capable of that mileage if I can just keep my foot out of it," said Pruett. He
has used AMSOIL Diesel Concentrate (ADF) since day one, which not only helps fuel economy
but, according to Pruett, has contributed to the fuel injectors lasting as long as they have. He also keeps AMSOIL Cold
Flow Improver (ACF) on hand and uses it when conditions dictate.
No End in Sight
Pruett's truck serves as a rolling billboard for AMSOIL. It's covered in AMSOIL decals, along with the contact
information for Pruett's AMSOIL Dealership. He shares his AMSOIL story with truckers at every opportunity. Pruett turns
62 in January and has thought about retiring, but, unfortunately for him, his truck has not. "I really want to see how
far this truck can go, so I keep on trucking away."
Each part manufactured by Rare Parts Inc. is sent out with an AMSOIL decal.
Manufacturer Installs Only AMSOIL Synthetic Grease in its 'Rare Parts'
A California manufacturer of steering and suspension parts installs AMSOIL synthetic greases exclusively in its
Series specialty parts.
Inc. of Stockton, Calif. was the vision of Lyle Burgess, who began operating a wheel alignment service in 1957. He
realized the steering and suspension parts he needed were hard to get and the industry lacked a steering and suspension
part manufacturer that offered complete coverage. Parts were becoming obsolete. In 1981, Burgess founded Rare
Much like the story of AMSOIL INC., an ever-expanding company born from the vision of its
founder A.J. Amatuzio, Rare Parts Inc. has flourished and grown over time. Today, Danny Burgess, a machinist who grew
up in the business alongside his father, is president of the company.
Rare Parts is committed to providing American-made parts and designs and manufactures obsolete and current parts for
virtually any application. The company offers complete coverage for any vehicle make, model or year.
"We offer products from the late 1920s to present, and if we do not have it we will build it," Danny Burgess said.
"We build our own inventory and custom projects from the classic street rod enthusiast to custom fabricated
agricultural harvester parts."
The Diamond Series line is manufactured to exceed original equipment manufacturer and other aftermarket product
specifications. Examples are larger forgings for increased strength, improved internal designs, better wear
characteristics, greaseable parts, tighter machining tolerances, proper heat treatment of ball studs and mating
components and other changes in key areas, according to Burgess. Every Diamond Series part is designed, tested and
inspected in the Rare Parts Inc. facility before it leaves the warehouse.
The parts are pre-greased with AMSOIL Synthetic Polymeric Truck, Chassis and
Equipment Grease (GPTR).
"We only produce high-quality steering and suspension parts here in the USA and we wanted to pair them with a
well-known highquality grease that also is made in the USA," Burgess said. "Since being registered as a
retail-on-the-shelf account by our servicing Dealer, we have been using AMSOIL grease exclusively for about six to
eight months. We also run AMSOIL products in our manufacturing equipment.
"Our experience with AMSOIL grease is that it holds up very well at high temperatures and reduces friction (turning
torque) in some of our ball joints and idler arms. Reduced turning torque reduces steering effort and increases the
life of the parts."
AMSOIL Synthetic Greases
Oil Additives Can Offset the Careful Balance of a Well-Formulated Motor
An overabundance of anti-wear agents, for example, can lead to reduced resistance to corrosion.
I don't get up on my soapbox very often – partly because I have put on a few extra pounds and don't want to
break the box, and partly because it's just not my personality. Not a lot of things really get to me, but when I come
across something that does, you don't want to be with me in the car for a long drive. One of these things is engine oil
additives. The last time I stopped by the local parts store to pick up a tool for a brake job on my Ford Fusion, I
stood in the aisle for a full 10 minutes looking at the huge display of engine oil additives. I was not in a hurry, so
I picked up a dozen or so and read the marketing claims.
Wow; it seems almost any internal engine problem in the world can be solved simply by using an engine oil additive.
"Restores engine life, eliminates dry starts, eliminates engine noise, restores parts' surfaces AND compensates current
wear!" Now I see why people buy all these oil additives. Too busy or just not interested in taking care of your
vehicle? Just wait until you have a problem and then buy a solution at the local parts store and you are back in
business. Our instant-gratification culture pushes us into believing in quick solutions. In reality, there are very few
quick solutions that can correct years of neglect in any area of life, including your internal combustion engine. Very
few, if any, engine oil additives solve engine issues overnight or somehow restore engines to their original condition.
So how do you get the longest, trouble-free life out of your engine? Use a highquality, trusted brand of synthetic
motor oil regularly and don't add any engine oil additives. Formulating a motor oil to perform all the critical jobs
required by your engine is a balancing act. You can't just focus on improving one property without testing and
evaluating the impact on all critical oil properties. Many times, use of additives improves one property, but causes
other properties to take a nosedive.
Formulating synthetic motor oils is a core strength developed over the past 40 years at AMSOIL, and it is not an
easy task. Motor oils need to protect engines against abnormal wear, excessive varnish, sludge, rust and corrosion and
damaging foam. Motor oils also need to remove heat, help meet fuel economy standards, keep engine seals from leaking
and keep catalytic converters working effectively over their projected lives.
Many negative outcomes derived from using engine oil additives have been documented over the years, including
accelerated corrosion, excess oil thickening in cold temperatures and increased deposit formation. Most of these
negative outcomes are relatively complicated chemical interactions, but just like your family is interconnected, so is
the chemistry in your motor oil. When you add Uncle Buck to your family for a week, you and the kids all have a lot
more fun staying up late and listening to stories, but he upsets the family balance. The kids have black circles under
their eyes from staying up too late, you argue with your spouse about a few choice new words the kids picked up and you
have to clean up cigar butts all over the garage when he finally leaves. Seems fun at first, but a week-long visit
proves having Uncle Buck live with you for good isn't such a good idea.
The chemicals in motor oils are all interconnected and work together like a family unit to provide all the important
properties required to keep your engine operating well. Most motor oils are designed with a measured amount of wear
protection and deposit control. The problem comes when you add a whole bunch of extra or new wear protection or deposit
control, and it ends up creating corrosion or destroying cold temperature properties. Motor oils that perform well have
some Uncle Buck built in, but at an appropriate level that does not upset critical chemistry in other areas designed to
keep your engine running smoothly over the long run.
If you want a more detailed explanation by industry experts, a recent Noria announcement outlined that "Aftermarket
oil additives can backfire." In the book, "Practical Handbook of Machinery Lubrication," the following description is
"Increasing the percentage of a certain additive may improve one property of an oil while at the same time degrade
another. When the specified concentrations of additives become unbalanced, overall oil quality can be affected. Some
additives compete with each other for the same space on a metal surface. If a high concentration of an anti-wear agent
is added to the oil, the corrosion inhibitor may become less effective. The result may be an increase in
It's a much fancier way of saying too much of your Uncle Buck is not good for your marriage. Next time you talk to
someone who is contemplating using one of those flashy new engine oil additives, tell them about the importance of
maintaining the critical balance in motor oil and what can happen when it becomes unbalanced.
AMSOIL Synthetic Motor Oils